Global Guide to Best Practices in Air Transport of Hatching Eggs, Day-Old Chicks, Poults and Ducklings

Accepting HEG Shipments Before the air carrier accepts the HEG , the shipper, agent, and carrier must make sure all relevant information is available. This information helps to ensure a speedy customs clearance, delay-free schedule and safe arrival at the final destination. Make sure all cases are clearly marked with the name, address and country of the consignee, along with the Air Waybill number (see page 24 for the minimum requirements). Proper Methods of Handling, Loading and Off-loading The method chosen for handling and loading depends on the type of aircraft and whether the flight is passenger or cargo. The basic procedures involve palletizing and conveyor belt handling. All methods require loading the egg cases in a level manner. Tilting and jostling HEG will decrease hatchability. Loading and off-loading must take place as quickly as possible to minimize exposure to climatic fluctuations, and HEG should be stored properly in due time. Make sure the pallets fit to the size of the egg cases with no overhanging cases. Do not stack egg cases more than 5 layers high. Palletizing Method too Cargo or combi- planes The palletizing method works best. HEG cases are removed from the cooler or truck and loaded by forklift onto the pallet. Always use an alternating pattern for stacking, which lessens the strain on the bottom boxes. Loading by forklift When using this method, make sure that all pallets are large enough. Otherwise some cases may fall off or be crushed and damage the HEG. Never stack cases more than 5 cases high. Once the HEG cases are positioned on the pallet, they may be wrapped to create one unit and further protect against movement/damage. Weather conditions Depending on climate conditions such as rain, shippers will require you to cover the cases with a large plastic sheet. Once the HEG are loaded onto the pallet, cargo netting should always be used for additional stability. It is not necessary to remove the plastic sheet during transport. Conveyor Belt Method This method should be used on small aircraft or in the bulk compartment. Each egg case should be placed in the center of the belt. Assign trained personnel on both ends of the belt so the egg cases are less likely to fall. Inside the aircraft, secure the cases by using the straps on the side of the cargo hold to prevent shifting and ensure a smoother flight. Conveyor Belt Method 6